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THE MABINOGION


BRANWEN DAUGHTER OF LLŶR





  Bendigeidfran son of Llŷr was crowned king over this Island and exalted with the crown of London. And one afternoon he was at Harddlech in Ardudwy, at a court of his. And they were seated upon the rock of Harddlech overlooking the sea, and his brother Manawydan son of Llŷr with him, and two brothers on the mother's side, Nisien and Efnisien, and besides these, noblemen, as was seemly around a king. His two brothers on the mother's side were sons of Euroswydd by his mother Penarddun daughter of Beli son of Mynogan. And one of those youths was a good youth; he would make peace between the two hosts when their wrath was at the highest: that was Nisien. The other would cause strife between the two brothers when they were most loving.

  And as they were seated thus, they could see thirteen ships coming from the South of Ireland, and making towards them with an easy swift motion, the wind behind them, and nearing them swiftly. 'I see ships yonder,' said the king? 'and making boldly for the land. And bid the men of the court equip themselves and go and see what their intent is.' The men equiped themselves and approached them below. When they saw the ships from near at hand, certain were they that they had never seen ships in fairer trim than they. Beautiful, seemly, and brave ensigns of brocaded silk were upon them. And thereupon, lo, one of the ships outstripping the others, and they could see a shield lifted up above the ship's deck, with the point of the shield upwards in token of peace. And the men drew near them that they might hear each other's discourse. They put out boats and came towards the land, and they greeted the king. For the king could hear them from the place where he was, upon a high rock over their heads. 'God prosper you,' said he, and 'welcome to you. Whose is this host of ships, and who is chief over them?' 'Lord,' said they, 'Matholwch king of Ireland is here, and the ships are his.' 'What would he?' asked the king. 'Does he wish to come to land?' ' Not so, lord,' said they, '-he is come on an errand to thee-unless he succeed in his errand.' 'What errand is his?' asked the king. 'He seeks to ally himself with thee, lord,' said they. 'He has come to ask for Branwen daughter of Llŷr, and if it seem good to thee he wishes to unite the island of the Mighty with Ireland, so that they become the stronger. 'Why,' he replied, 'let him come to land, and we will take counsel concerning that.'

  That answer went to him. 'I will go gladly,' said he. He came to land, and he was made welcome, and great was the throng in the court that night, what with his hosts and those of the court. Straightway on the morrow they took counsel. What was determined in council was to bestow Branwen upon Matholwch. And she was one of the Three Matriarchs in this Island. Fairest maiden in the world was she.

  And a time was set at Abeffraw, to sleep with her, and a start was made thence. And those hosts started for Aberffraw, Matholwch and his hosts in their ships, but Bendigeidfran and his hosts by land, until they came to Aberffraw. At Aberffraw they began the feast and sat them down. This is how they sat: the king of the Island of the Mighty, and Manawydan son of Llŷr one side of him, and Matholwch the other side, and Branwen daughter of Llŷr next to him. They were not within a house, but within tents. Bendigeidfran had never been contained within a house. And they began the carousal. They continued to carouse and converse. And when they perceived that it was better for them to seek slumber than to continue the carousal, to sleep they went. And that night Matholwch slept with Branwen.

  And on the morrow all the host of the court arose, and the officers began to discuss the billeting of the horses and grooms. And they billeted them in every quarter as far as the sea.

  And thereupon, lo, one day, Efnisien the quarrelsome man we spoke of above happening upon the billets of Matholwch's horses, and he asked 'whose horses they were.' 'These are Matholwch's horses, king of Ireland' said they. 'What are they doing there?' he asked. The king of Ireland is here and has slept with Branwen thy sister; and these are his horses' 'And is it thus they have done with a maiden so excellent as she, and my sister at that, bestowing her without my consent! They could have put no greater insult upon me,' said he. And thereupon he set upon the horses and cut off their lips to the teeth, and their ears to their heads, and their tails to their backs, and wherever he could clutch their eyelids he cut them to the very bone. And he maimed the horses thus till there was no use could be made of the horses.

  The tidings came to Matholwch. This is how they came: he was told of the maiming of his horses and their spoiling till there was no profit might be had of them. 'Aye, lord,' said one 'insult has been wrought upon thee, and it is in- tended that such be done thee.' ' Faith, it is a marvel to me if they wished to insult me that they should have given me a maiden of such excellence and rank and so beloved of her kindred as they have given me.' ' Lord,' said another, 'thou seest it made plain. And there is nothing for thee to do but go to thy ships.' And thereupon he sought his ships.

  The tidings came to Bendigeidfran that Matholwch was quitting the court, without asking, without leave. And messengers went to inquire of him why that was so. The messengers who went were Iddig son of Anarawd and Hefeydd the Tall. Those men overtook him and asked him what was his intent and for what reason he was going away. 'Faith,' he replied, 'had I known, I had not come hither. Full insult have I suffered; and no one had ever a less happy enterprise than I have had here. And a strange thing has come my way.' ' What is that?' they asked. 'That Branwen daughter of Llŷr should be given me, one of the Three Matriarchs of this Island, and king's daughter of the Island of the Mighty, and that I should sleep with her, and after that be insulted; and I was amazed that the intended insult was not done me before a maiden so excellent as she was given me.' 'Faith, lord, it was not with the assent of him who had authority at court,' said they, 'nor that of any of his council, that that insult was put upon thee. And though thou reckon that an insult, that affront and trick are more resented by Bendigeidfran than by thee.' 'Aye,' said he, 'I think so. But even so he cannot free me from insult thereby. '

  Those men returned with that answer to the place where Bendigeidfran was, and they related to him the answer Matholwch had spoken. 'Why,' said he, 'it is not to our advantage that he go away in enmity, and we will not let him go.' 'Well, lord,' said they, 'again send messengers after him.' 'I Will,' said he. 'Arise, Manawydan son of Llŷr and Hefeydd the Tall and Unig Strong-shoulder, and go after him,' said he, 'and make known to him that he shall have a sound horse for each one of those spoiled. And along with that, as an atonement to him, he shall have a staff of silver that shall be as thick as his little finger and as tall as himself, and a plate of gold as broad as his face. And make known to him what kind of man did that, and how it was against my will that it was done, and it was my brother on the mother's side that did it, and how it would not be easy for me to put him to death or destroy him, But let him come to see me face to face,' said he, 'and I will make peace on those terms he himself may desire.'

  The messengers went after Matholwch, and they reported those words to him in friendly fashion, and he listened to them. 'Men,' said he, 'we will take counsel.' He took counsel. The counsel they thought of was: If they should reject that they were more likely to get greater shame than get a greater reparation. And he resolved to accept it. And they came to the court in peace.


  And they arranged the pavilions and the tents for them, after the fashion of arranging a hall, and they went to meat. And as they began to sit at the beginning of the feast, so sat they then. And Matholwch and Bendigeidfran began to converse. And, lo, listless and sad to Bendigeidfran the talk he had from Matholwch, whereas before this he was of constant good cheer. And he thought that the chieftain was heavy-hearted because of the smallness of the reparation he had had for the wrong done him. 'Why man,' said Bendigeidfran, 'thou art not so good a talker to-night as the other night. And if it be because of the smallness to thy way of thinking of the reparation, thou shalt have it increased even as thou wilt, and the horses shall be made over to thee to-morrow.' ' Lord,' said he, 'God repay thee.' 'I will enhance thy reparation still further,' said Bendigeidfran. 'I will give thee a cauldron, and the virtue of the cauldron is this: a man of thine slain to-day, cast him into the cauldron, and by to-morrow he will be as well as he was at the best, save that he will not have power of speech.' And he gave thanks for that, and felt exceeding great joy because of it.

  And on the morrow his horses were made over to him as long as tamed horses lasted. And then they journeyed with him into another commot, and colts were made over to him until his tally was completed And for that reason the name Talebolion was henceforth given to that commot.  1  

  And the second night they sat together. 'Lord, 'said Matholwch, 'whence came to thee the cauldron thou hast given me?' 'It came to me,' he said, 'from a man who had been in thy land; and I know not but that it was there he may have found it.' 'Who was that?' asked he. 'Lasar Llaes Gyfnewid,' he said, 'and he came here from Ireland, and his wife Cymidei Cymeinfoll with him; and they escaped from the Iron House in Ireland, when it was made whitehot around them and they escaped therefrom. And it is a marvel to me if thou knoweth nothing of that.'

  'Lord,' said he, 'I do know; and as much as I know, I will tell thee. I was hunting in Ireland one day, on top of a mound overlooking a lake that was in Ireland, and it was called the Lake of the Cauldron. And I beheld a big man with yellow-red hair coming from the lake with a cauldron on his back. Moreover he was a monstrous man, big and the evil look of a brigand about him, and a woman following after him. And if he was big, twice as big as he was the woman; and they came towards me and greeted me.' "Why,'' said I, 'how fares it with you?' 'This is how it fares with us, lord,' said he; 'this woman,' said he, 'at the end of a month and a fortnight will conceive, and the son who will then be born of that wombful at the end of the month and the fortnight will be a fighting man full armed.' 'I took them to me to maintain them, and they were with me for a year. For that year I had them with me without grudging; from then on they were begrudged me, and before the end of the fourth month they were of their own part making themselves hated and unwelcome in the land, committing outrage, and molesting and harassing gentles and ladies. From then on my people rose against me to bid me part with them, and they gave me the choice, my dominions or them. I referred to the council of my country what should be done concerning them: they would not go of their own free will, nor was there need for them to go against their will, because of their fighting power. And then, in this strait, they decided to make a chamber all of iron. And when the chamber was ready, every smith that was in Ireland was summoned there, each and every possessor of tongs and hammer. And they caused charcoal to be piled as high as the top of the chamber, and they had the woman and her husband and her offspring served with ample meat and drink. And when it was known that they were drunk they began to fire the charcoal against the chamber, and to blow the bellows which had been placed around the house with a man to each pair of bellows, and they began to blow the bellows till the house was white-hot around them. Then they held a council there in the middle of the chamber floor. And he waited till the iron wall was white, and by reason of the exceeding great heat he charged the wall with his shoulder and broke it out before him, and his wife after him. And none escaped thence, save him and his wife. And it was then, I suppose, lord,' said Matholwch to Bendigeidfran, 'he came over to thee.' 'Faith,' said he, 'it was then he came here and gave me the cauldron.' 'In what manner, lord, didst thou receive them?' 'I quartered them everywhere in my domain, and they are numerous and prosper everywhere, and fortify whatever place they happen to be in with men and arms, the best that any one has seen.'

  That night they continued converse as long as they pleased, and song and carousal. And when they saw that it was more profitable for them to go to sleep than to sit longer, to sleep they went. And thus they spent that feast in joy; and when that was ended Matholwch set out for Ireland, and Branwen with him. Thirteen ships, moreover, set out from Aber Menei and reached Ireland. In Ireland there was great joy at their coming. Not one great man or noble lady would come to visit Branwen to whom she gave not either a brooch or a ring or a treasured royal jewel, which it was a wondrous sight to see departing. And with all this she spent that year in much good fame, and she flourished with honour and friends. And meantime it came to pass that she grew pregnant, and when the due time past a son was born to her. This was the name given to the boy : Gwern son of Matholwch. The boy was put out to foster in the very best place for men in Ireland.

  And then in the second year, lo, a murmuring in Ireland, on account of the insult which Matholwch had suffered in Wales, and the shameful trick played on him over his horses. Moreover, his foster-brothers and the men close to him taunted him therewith, and did not conceal it. And, lo, an uprising in Ireland till there was no peace for him unless he avenge the disgrace. The vengeance they took was to drive away Branwen from the same chamber with him, and compel her to cook in the court, and to cause the butcher after he had been cutting up meat to come to her and give her every day a box on the ear. And in this wise was her punishment carried out.

  'Aye, lord,' said his men to Matholwch, 'set now a ban on the ships and the ferry-boats and the coracles, so that none may go to Wales, and such as come hither from Wales, imprison them and let them not go back, lest this be known' And they determined on that.


  Not less than three years they continued thus. And meantime she reared a starling on the end of her kneading trough and taught it words and instructed the bird what manner of man her brother was. And she brought a letter of the woes and the dishonors that were upon her. And the letter was fastened under the root of the bird's wings and sent towards Wales. And the bird came to this Island. The place where it found. Bendigeidfran was at Caer Seint in Arfon, at an assembly of his one day. And it alighted on his shoulder and ruffled its feathers so that the letter was seen and it was known that the bird had been reared Among dwellings.

  And then the letter was taken and examined. And when the letter was read he grieved to hear of the affliction that was upon Branwen. And there and then he began to have messengers dispatched, to muster the whole of this Island. And then he had come to him the full levy of sevenscore districts and fourteen, and he complained to them in person that the affliction there was should be on his sister. And then thy took counsel. The counsel that was deter- mined on was to set out for Ireland and leave seven men as overlords here, and Cradawg son of Bran as their chief, and their seven knights. In Edeirnon were those men left; and for that reason the name Seith   2   Marchawg was given to the township. The seven men were Cradawg son of Bran and Hefeydd the Tall and Unig Strong-shoulder, and Iddig son of Anarawd Round-hair and Ffodor son of Erfyll, and Wlch Bone-lip and Llashar son of Llaesar Llaesgyngwyd, and Pendaran Dyfed as a young lad with them. Those seven stayed behind as seven stewards to take charge of this Island, and Cradawg son of Bran chief steward over them.

  Bendigeidfran and the host of which we spoke sailed towards Ireland, and in those days the deep water was not wide. He went by wading. There were but two rivers, the Lli and the Archan were they called, but thereafter the deep water grew wider when the deep overflowed the kingdoms. And then he proceeded with all that there was of string minstrelsy on his own back and sought the land of Ireland.


  And the swineherds of Matholwch were upon the seashore one day, busied with their swine. And because of the sight they saw upon the sea, they came to Matholwch. 'Lord, ' said they, 'greetings.' 'God prosper you,' said he, and you have news?' 'Lord,' said they, 'we have wondrous news: a forest have we seen upon the deep, in a place where we never saw a single tree.' 'That is a strange thing,' said he; 'could you see aught but that?' 'We could, lord,' said they; 'a big mountain close to the forest, and that moving, and a lofty ridge on the mountain, and a lake on each side of the ridge. and the forest and the mountain and all those things moving.' 'Why,' said he, 'there is no one here will know anything of that, except Branwen knows. Do you ask her.

  'Messengers went to Branwen. "Lady,' said they, what thinkest thou that is?' 'Though lady I am not,' said she 'I know what that is: the men of the Island of Mighty on their way over, having heard of my woes and my humliiatons.' 'What is the forest that was seen upon the sea?' they asked. 'The masts of ships and their yards' said she. 'A1as,' said they, 'what was the mountain that could be seen alongside the ship?' 'Bendigeidfran, my brother, that was,' she said, 'coming by wading. There was never a ship in which he might be contained.' 'What was the lofty ridge, and the lake on each side of the ridge?' 'He,' said she, 'looking towards this island; he is angered. The two lakes on each side of the ridge are his two eyes, one on each side of his nose.'

  And then all the fighting men of Ireland and of all the headlands were mustered in haste, and counsel was taken. 'Lord,' said his chief men to Matholwch, 'there is no counsel save to retreat across the Llinon,   3   a river which was in Ireland, and to leave the Llinon between thee and him, and to break down the bridge that is across the river. And there are loadstones at the bottom of the river; neither ship nor vessel can go upon it.' They withdrew across the river and broke down the bridge.

  Bendigeidfran came to land and a fleet with him, towards the bank of the river. 'Lord,' said his noblemen, 'thou knowest the peculiarity of the river: none can go through it, nor is there a bridge over it. What is thy counsel as to a bridge?' said they ''There is none,' said he, 'save that he who is chief, let him be a bridge. I will myself be a bridge,' said he. And then was that saying first uttered, and it is still used as a proverb. And then, after he had lain him down across the river, hurdles were placed upon him, and his hosts passed through over him.

  Thereupon, even as he rose up, lo, the messengers of Matholwch coming to him and saluting him with greetings from Matholwch his kinsman, and showing how through his good will nothing but good should come his way. 'And Matholwch is giving the kingship of Ireland to Gwern son of Matholwch, thy nephew, thy sister's son, and is investing him in thy presence, as reparation for the wrong and hurt that have been done to Branwen. And wherever thou wilt, either here or in the Island of the Mighty, do thou make provision for Matholwch.' 'Aye,' answered Bendigeidfran, 'if I cannot myself gain the kingship, maybe I shall take counsel concerning your message. From now on until different terms come, no answer will you get from me.' 'Why,' they replied, 'the best answer we receive, we will bring it thee, and do thou await our messages.' 'I will,' said he, 'if you come quickly.'

  The messengers went on their way and came to Matholwch. Lord,' said they, 'prepare a better answer for Bendigeidfran. He would not listen to aught of the answer we bore him.' 'Men,' said Matholwch, 'what is your counsel?' 'Lord,' said they, 'there is no counsel for thee save one. He was never contained within a house,' said they. ' Make a house,' said they, 'in his honour, so that he and the men of the Island of the Mighty may be contained in the one half of the house, and thyself and thy host in the other; and give over thy kingship to his will, and do him homage. And by reason of the honour in making the house,' said they, 'for he never had a house in which he might be contained, he will make peace with thee.' And the messengers came to Bendigeidfran with that message. And he took counsel, and in his council he determined to accept that, and that was all done by counsel of Branwen, and lest the land, be laid waste she did that.

  The terms of truce were drawn up, and the house was built big and roomy. But the Irish planned a ruse. The ruse they planned was to fix a peg on either side of every pillar of the hundred pillars that were in the house and to fix a bag on each peg, and an armed man in every one of them Efnisien came in ahead of the host of the Island of the Mighty, and scanned the house with fierce ruthless looks, and he perceived the hide bags along the posts. 'What is in this bag?' said he, to one of Irish. 'Flour, friend,' said he. He felt about him till he came to his head, and he squeezed his head till he felt his fingers sink into the brain through the bone. And he left that one and put his hand upon another, and asked, 'What is here?' 'Flour,' said the Irishman. He played the same trick on every one of them, until of all the two hundred men he had left alive but one; and he came to him and asked, 'What is here?' 'Flour, friend,' said the Irishman. And he felt about him until he came to his head, and he squeezed that one's head as he had squeezed the heads of the others. He could feel armour on that one's head. He left him not till he had killed him; and then he sang an englyn:

There is in these bags flour of a sort:
Champions, warriors, attackers in battle,
Against fighters, ready for the fray.


And with that the hosts came into the house. And the men of the Island of Ireland came into the house on the one side and the men of the Island of the Mighty on the other. And as soon as they were seated there was concord between them and the kingship was conferred upon the boy. And than, when peace was concluded, Bendigeidfran called the boy to him. From Bendigeidfran the boy went to Manawydan, with all who saw him loving him. From Manawydan, Nisien son of Euroswydd called the boy to him. The boy went to him in friendship. 'Why,' said Efnisien, 'comes not. my nephew, my sister's son, to me? Though he were not king of Ireland, gladly would I show love to the boy.' 'Let him go, gladly,' said Bendigeidfran. The boy went to him gladly. 'By my confession to God,' said Efnisien in his heart, 'an enormity the household would not think might be committed is the enormity I shall now commit.' And he arose and took up the boy by the feet and made no delay, nor did a man in the house lay hold on him before he thrust the boy headlong into the blazing fire. And when Branwen saw her son burning in the fire, she made as if to leap into the fire from the place where she was sitting between her two brothers. And Bendigeidfran grasped her with one hand, and his shield with the other. And then they all rose up throughout the house; and that was the greatest tumult that was by a host in one house, as each man caught up arms. And it was then that Morddwyd Tyllion said: 'Dogs of Gwern, beware of Morddwyd Tyllion!' And while each man reached for his arms, Bendigeidfran supported Branwen between his shield and his shoulder.


  And then the Irish began to kindle a fire under the cauldron of rebirth. And then the dead bodies were cast into the cauldron until it was full, and on the morrow they would arise as good fighting men as before, save that they were not able to speak. And then when Efnisien saw the dead bodies, without room being found anywhere for the men of the Island of the Mighty, he said in his heart, 'Alas, God,' said he, 'woe is me that I should be the cause of this heap of the men of the Island of the Mighty. And shame on me,' said he, 'if I seek no deliverance therefrom.' And he crept in among the dead bodies of the Irish, and two bare breeched Irishmen came to him and cast him into the cauldron, as though he were an Irishman. He stretched him self out in the cauldron, so that the cauldron burst into four pieces and his heart burst also.

  And it was because of that such victory as there was came to the men of the Island of the Mighty. Even so, there was no victory save for the escape of seven men; and Bendigeidfran was wounded in the foot with a poisoned spear. The seven men who escaped were Pryderi, Manawydan, Glideu son of Taran, Taliesin and Ynawg, Gruddieu son of Muriel, and Heilyn son of Gwyn the O1d.

  And then Bendigeidfran commanded his head to be struck off. 'And take the head,' he said, 'and carry it to the White Mount in London, and bury it with its face towards France. And you will be a long time upon the road. In Harddlech you will be feasting seven year, and the birds of Rhiannon singing unto you. And the head will be as pleasant company to you as ever it was at best when it was on me. And at Gwales in Penfro you will be fourscore years; and until you open the door towards Aber Henfelen, the side facing Cornwall, you may bide there, and the head with you uncorrupted. But from the time you have opened that door, you may not bide there: make for London to bury the head. And do you cross over to the other side.'

  And then his head was struck off, and they set out for the other side, these seven, and the head with them, and Branwen the eighth. And they came to land at Aber Alaw in Talebolion. And then they sat down and rested them. Then she looked on Ireland and the Island of the Mighty, what she might see of them. 'Alas, Son of God,' said she, 'woe is me that ever I was born: two good islands have been laid waste because of me!' And she heaved a great sigh, and with that broke her heart. And a four-sided grave was made for her, and she was buried there on the bank of the Alaw.

  And thereupon the seven men made their way towards Harddlech, and the head with them. As they journeyed, lo, there met them a troop of men and women. 'Have you tidings?' said Manawydan. 'We have not,' said they; 'save that Caswallawn son of Beli has conquered the Island of the Mighty and is a crowned king in London.' 'What has befallen Cradawg son of Bran,' they asked, 'and the seven men who were left with him in this Island?' 'Caswallawn fell upon them and slew the six men; and Cradawg broke his heart with consternation at sight of the sword slaying his men, and he not knowing who slew them. Caswallawn had apparelled him in a magic mantle, and no one could see him slay the men, but only the sword. But him Caswallawn did not wish to slay: he was his nephew, his cousin's son. And he was one of the Three Men who broke their hearts with consternation. Pendaran Dyfed, who was a young lad with the seven men, escaped into the forest,' said they.

  And then they went on to Harddlech, and they sat them down and began to regale them with meat and drink; and even as they began to eat and drink there came three birds and began to sing them a certain song, and of all the songs they had ever heard each one was unlovely compared with that. And far must they look to see them out over the deep, yet was it as clear to them as if they were close by them; and at that feasting they were seven years.

  And at the end of the seventh year they set out for Gwales in Penfro. And there was for them there a fair royal place overlooking the sea, and a great hall it was. And they went into the hall, and two doors they saw open; the third door was closed, that towards Cornwall. 'See yonder' said Manawydan, 'the door we must not open. ' And that night they were there without stint, and were joyful. And notwithstanding all the sorrows they had seen before their eye, and notwithstanding that they had themselves suffered, there came to them no remembrance either of that or of any sorrow in the world. And there they passed the fourscore years so that they were not aware of having ever spent a time more joyous and delightful than that. It was not more irksome than when they came there, nor could any tell by his fellow that it was so long a time. Nor was it more irksome having the head with them then than when Bendigeidfran had been with them alive. And because of those fourscore years it was called the Assembly of the Wondrous Head. The Assembly of Branwen and Matholwch was that wherewith they went to Ireland.

  This is what Heilyn son of Gwyn did one day. 'Shame on my beard,' said he, 'if I do not open the door to know if that is true which is said concerning it.' He opened the door and looked on Cornwall and Aber Henfelen. And when he looked, they were as conscious of every loss they had ever sustained, and of every kinsman and friend they had missed, and of every ill that had come upon them, as if it were even then it had befallen them; and above all else because of their lord. And from that same moment they could not rest, save they set out with the head towards London. However long they were upon the road, they came to London and buried the head in the White Mount. And when it was buried, that was one of the Three Happy Concealments, and one of the Three Unhappy Disclosures when it was disclosed, for no plague would ever come across the sea to this Island so long as the head was in that concealment.

  And that is what the tale says. That is their adventure, the men who set forth from Ireland.


  In Ireland no person was left alive save five pregnant women in a cave in the Irish wilderness; and to those five women at the very same time were born five sons, and those five sons they reared until they became grown youths and bethought them of wives and desired to possess them. And then each slept one by one with the other's mother, and they ruled the country and dwelled in it, and divided it amongst them all five. And because of that division the five provinces of Ireland are still so called. And they searched the land where the battles had taken place, and they found gold and silver until they became wealthy.

  And that is how this branch of the Mabinogi ends. Concerning the blow to Branwen, which was one of the Three Unhappy Blows in this Island; and concerning the Assembly of Bran when the hosts of seven score districts and fourteen went over to Ireland to avenge the blow to Branwen; and concerning the feasting in Harddlech seven years; and the singing of the birds of Rhiannon, and the assembly of the Head for fourscore years.

FOOTNOTES


[1]  Talebolion a name wrongly explained as tal ebolion payment. It probably means 'End of the Chasms' or 'End of the Ridges.'

[2]  Seith: seven.

[3]   Llinon: Shannon


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